A well designed building can utilise solar energy to produce a hot water system.

climate change

The solar sector is particularly critical to climate change mitigation because it produces cheap electricity.

Cheap electricity

Cheap electricity from renewable sources can decarbonize 90 percent of the world’s power sector by 2050. A study by DOE found that if the United States is able to achieve a carbon-free grid by 2035, it will save the equivalent of 190 million metric tons of CO2e. While renewable energy is a powerful tool for climate change mitigation, it also has a wide range of other environmental impacts. These include air pollution, water demand, and land-use for bioenergy.


However, better understanding of the infrastructure can help develop technologies and strategies to minimize these impacts.


Specifically, there are uncertainties about how to reduce emissions and how to mitigate the damages caused by replacing fossil fuels with renewable energy.

Seek Input

They seek input from local communities, regulators, and others to determine what should be done to minimize the environmental effects of their solar projects.


The impacts of solar energy on non-climate ecosystems are more uncertain. Some solar developers perform impact assessments before installing a solar project.


Depending on the nature of the project, the installation process may involve clearing land, affecting habitats of native plants.


As part of the review, developers are required to address a number of different factors, including site management, local wildlife, and permitting.

managing solar panels


EoL problems